Latest update: Press release business and consumer survey results (incl. ESI, EEI, EUI, sectoral CIs) - 28 September 2023.
Next update: Flash Consumer Confidence Indicator - 23 October 2023.
Business and consumer surveys
The Directorate General for Economic and Financial Affairs of the European Commission conducts regular harmonised surveys for different sectors of the economies in the European Union (EU) and in the applicant countries. They are addressed to representatives of the industry (manufacturing), services, retail trade and construction sectors, as well as to consumers. These surveys allow comparisons among different countries' business cycles and have become an indispensable tool for monitoring the evolution of the EU and the euro area economies, as well as monitoring developments in the applicant countries.