- Technical Paper 055
- Publication date
- 20 April 2022
- Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs
The special topic focuses on consumer survey results in the candidate countries in the turbulent period from the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic to the start of the Russian invasion of Ukraine. Consumer confidence in Albania, Montenegro and North Macedonia evolved broadly in line with the EU aggregate, the only major deviation being the incomplete recovery of confidence in North Macedonia from the COVID-19 shock. By contrast, consumer confidence in Turkey and Serbia appears to have been dominated by country specific forces, resulting in subdued reactions to both the adverse shock of the pandemic and the Russian invasion of Ukraine.
Information and identifiers
Technical Paper 055. April 2022. Brussels. PDF. 32p. Tab. Graph. Bibliogr. Free.
ISBN 978-92-76-46493-8 (online)
ISSN 2443-8049 (online)
European Economy Technical Papers are reports and data compiled by the staff of the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs.