This Discussion Paper reviews approaches to conceptualising the contribution of natural capital to economic processes, explores their empirical implementation and suggests next steps for the modelling of natural capital in production functions.
The Role of Public Development Banks and Institutions in the Implementation of the United Nations’ Agenda 2030: A Survey in Europe
The paper offers a first attempt to track the sustainability performance of the Public Development Banks and Institutions in Europe and their contribution to the alignment of EU Member States to the Sustainable Development Goals.
EU Candidate Countries’ & Potential Candidates’ Economic Quarterly (CCEQ) – Western Balkans and Türkiye. 4th Quarter 2022
An overview of economic developments in candidate and pre-candidate countries.
European Business Cycle Indicators - Results of the October/November 2022 survey on investment in the manufacturing and services sectors. 4th Quarter 2022
The Special topic analyses the results of the specific questions on investment included in the October-November surveys for the manufacturing and services sectors.
The reports provides an overview of economic developments and policy challenges in the euro area. It focuses in particular on the risks of divergence within the euro area stemming from the energy price shocks and discuss avenues to mitigate the impact on the economy.
This paper provides new evidence on public investment management practices in the EU, based on a survey with all EU Member States.
The paper discusses post-COVID-19 labour market developments across the EU, notably on the simultaneous presence of elements of slack and indications of tightness over the course of 2021.
The green transition is set to accelerate over the next decade and trigger structural change in EU labour markets. The note provides descriptive evidence on regions and demographic groups expected to be most affected by shifts between sectors, firms and occupations, and discusses the policy...
This paper presents an overview of environmental assessment practices across EU Member States, covering both ex-ante impact assessments and ex-post evaluations.
This paper provides evidence on national disaster financing practices in the EU and non-EU Member States, along five elements leading to a disaster risk financing strategy.