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Economy and Finance
General publications

One currency for one Europe


Publication date
5 May 2023
Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs


History was made on 1 January 1999 when 11 European Union countries created a monetary union with a single currency, the euro. Euro banknotes and coins entered circulation on 1 January 2002. But the history of Europe’s common currency has been a long time in the making and can be charted back to the origins of the European Union itself. Fifty years after the Treaty of Rome laid the foundations of today’s EU and based on a comprehensive reform of the economic and monetary union, the euro is the most visible symbol of European integration.

Information and identifiers

Available in 25 languages
KC-07-22-864-EN-N (online)
ISBN 978-92-76-56030-2 (online)
doi: 10.2765/40 (online)

One currency for one Europe


5 MAY 2023
One currency for one Europe - Publications Office of the EU