Skip to main content
Economy and Finance

Quarterly Report on the Euro Area (QREA), Vol. 22, No. 4 (2023)


Institutional Paper 270
Publication date
27 February 2024
Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs


This edition studies some aspects of the shocks that have recently affected the euro area and some of the benefits of the European response. In particular, it analyses the causes of food inflation, pointing to the role of production costs and costs related to distribution. Second, it analyses the impact of the COVID-19 shock on the accumulation of human skills in the EA and its negative consequences for future GDP developments. Finally, it studies the performance of EU bonds showing that they compare well to reference issuers.

Information and identifiers

Institutional Paper 270. February 2024. Brussels. PDF. 62pp. Tab. Graph. Bibliogr. Free.

KC-BC-23-077-EN-N (online)
ISBN 978-92-68-04245-8 (online)
ISSN 2443-8014 (online)
doi:10.2765/912076 (online)

JEL classification : C58, E2, E22, E24, E31, F36, G12, G14, G18, H63, I10, I14, I20, I24, I25, I26, J24


European Economy Institutional Papers are important reports analysing the economic situation and economic developments prepared by the European Commission's Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs, which serve to underpin economic policy-making by the European Commission, the Council of the European Union and the European Parliament. Views expressed in unofficial documents do not necessarily represent the views of the European Commission.

Quarterly Report on the Euro Area (QREA), Vol. 22, No. 4 (2023)


27 FEBRUARY 2024
Quarterly Report on the Euro Area (QREA), Vol. 22, No. 4 (2023)
27 FEBRUARY 2024
Chapter I. What’s behind the spike in food inflation – recent developments, drivers and outlook in
27 FEBRUARY 2024
Chapter II. The economic impact of COVID-19 learning deficits
27 FEBRUARY 2024
Chapter III. Large-scale EU issuance 3 years on
27 FEBRUARY 2024
Annex. The euro area chronicle