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Economy and Finance

Publications

Publications prepared by the European Commission's Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs. See publications before July 2015. See an overview of ECFIN publication series.

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Publications (31)

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  • Scientific paper
  • Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs

European Business Cycle Indicators - The impact of inflation on consumers’ financial situation – insights from the Commission’s consumer survey. 2nd Quarter 2022

The Special Topic takes a close look at the results from the consumer surveys until June 2022 to explore the impact of high and rising inflation on consumers’ assessment of the financial situation of their household and their consumption/saving intentions.

  • Scientific paper
  • Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs

European Business Cycle Indicators – 3rd Quarter 2021

The special topic in this EBCI takes a look at new questions on economic uncertainty that have been introduced in the Joint Harmonised EU Programme...

  • Scientific paper
  • Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs

European Business Cycle Indicators – 2nd Quarter 2021

The special topic in this EBCI explores to what extent selling and consumer price expectations from the Commission’s business and consumer surveys...

  • Report
  • Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs

European Business Cycle Indicators – 1st Quarter 2021

The special topic in this EBCI explores the Commission’s consumer survey data to examine to what extent excess savings accumulated during the COVID-19...

  • Scientific paper
  • Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs

European Business Cycle Indicators – 3rd Quarter 2020

This edition of the EBCI takes a closer look at the impact of COVID-19 containment measures on business sentiment across the EU by examining data...