- Institutional Paper 167
- Publication date
- 8 December 2021
- Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs
QREA Volume 20 N. 3 (2021) provides an analysis of the macroeconomic effects of the Recovery and Resilience Facility, the stabilising impact of EU bond issuance on sovereigns and banks, the fiscal sustainability risks stemming from possible pension policy reversals, and a general assessment of the macroeconomic effects related to the introduction of a retail Central Bank Digital Currency, as well as a brief overview of recent major policy developments.
Information and identifiers
Institutional Paper 167. December 2021. Brussels. PDF. 58pp. Tab. Graph. Bibliogr. Free.
ISBN 978-92-76-43936-3 (online)
ISSN 2443-8014 (online)
JEL classification : E61, E62, F17, F41, F42, H55, E62, J11, C54, G01, G21, G28, H63, H81, E44, E50, E51, E58, G20, G21
European Economy Institutional Papers are important reports analysing the economic situation and economic developments prepared by the European Commission's Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs, which serve to underpin economic policy-making by the European Commission, the Council of the European Union and the European Parliament. Views expressed in unofficial documents do not necessarily represent the views of the European Commission.