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Economy and Finance


  • Press release

In May 2024, the Economic Sentiment Indicator (ESI) increased marginally in both the EU (+0.3 points to 96.5) and the euro area (+0.4 points to 96.0).

  • 1 min read



  • Scientific paper
  • Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs

The Special topic examines the relationship between consumer confidence and a number of measurable economic variables, focusing on the negative confidence gap observed since 2023.

  • Scientific paper
  • Judit Antal, Manos Sfakianakis, Philipp Pfeiffer, Eduardo Llobell, Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs

This paper presents the main features of the Loan Facility, the loans component in Greece’s Recovery and Resilience Plan (RRP), and a first assessment of its economic impact using the European Commission’s QUEST model.