Economic Sentiment mildly up in the EU and the euro area; Employment Expectations moderately down in both regions
In November 2023, the Economic Sentiment Indicator (ESI) improved mildly in both the EU (+0.5 points to 93.7) and the euro area (+0.3 points to 93.8).The Employment Expectations Indicator (EEI), by contrast, eased moderately in both areas (EU: -0.5 points to 101.8, euro area: -0.7 points to 102.1).
In November 2023, DG ECFIN’s flash estimate of the consumer confidence indicator picked up by 1.1 percentage points (pps.) in the EU and 0.9 pps. in the euro area. At ‑17.5 (EU) and ‑16.9 (euro area) pps., consumer confidence still scores well below its long-term average.
September 2023: Economic Sentiment mildly lower in the EU and the euro area; Employment Expectations firmer in both regions
In September 2023, the Economic Sentiment Indicator (ESI) dipped slightly again in both the EU (-0.4 points to 92.8) and the euro area (-0.3 points to 93.3). By contrast, the Employment Expectations Indicator (EEI) picked up (+0.6 points to 102.4 in the EU and +0.5 points to 102.7 in the euro area).
Progress towards Meeting the Economic Criteria for EU Accession: The EU Commission’s 2023 Assessments
This paper is a compilation of the economic chapters contained in the European Commission’s 2023 Country Reports on enlargement countries.
The paper revisits G20 developments in the last ten years with a particular focus on the G20 response to the pandemic; the consequences of growing geopolitical tensions and the Russian war of aggression against Ukraine on the effectiveness of the G20...