January 2023: Economic Sentiment and Employment Expectations increased further in the EU and the euro area
In January 2023, the Economic Sentiment Indicator (ESI) recovered further in both the EU (+2.3 points to 98.0) and the euro area (+2.8 points to 99.9).
In January 2023, DG ECFIN’s flash estimate of the consumer confidence indicator continued its recovery, improving by 1.4 percentage points (pps.) in the EU and 1.1 pps. in the euro area (EA). At -22.4 (EU) and ‑20.9 (EA) pps., consumer confidence remains, however, well below its long-term average.
December 2022: Economic Sentiment recovering in the EU and the euro area, and Employment Expectations remain robust
In December 2022, the Economic Sentiment Indicator (ESI) rose for the second month in both the EU (+1.5 points to 94.2) and the euro area (+1.8 points to 95.8), remaining, however, below long-term average.
EU Candidate Countries’ & Potential Candidates’ Economic Quarterly (CCEQ) – Western Balkans and Türkiye. 4th Quarter 2022
An overview of economic developments in candidate and pre-candidate countries.
European Business Cycle Indicators - Results of the October/November 2022 survey on investment in the manufacturing and services sectors. 4th Quarter 2022
The Special topic analyses the results of the specific questions on investment included in the October-November surveys for the manufacturing and services sectors.