Economic Sentiment and Employment Expectations take a breather in the EU and the euro area
In February 2023, the recovery of the Economic Sentiment Indicator (ESI), prevailing since November 2022, came to a halt (EU: ±0.0 points to 97.8, euro area: -0.1 points to 99.7).
February 2023: Flash Consumer Confidence Indicator for EU and euro area
In February 2023, DG ECFIN’s flash estimate of the consumer confidence indicator improved further by 1.5 percentage points (pps.) in the EU and 1.7 pps. in the euro area (EA). Despite this fifth consecutive monthly improvement, at -20.6 (EU) and ‑19.0 (EA) pps.,...
January 2023: Economic Sentiment and Employment Expectations increased further in the EU and the euro area
In January 2023, the Economic Sentiment Indicator (ESI) recovered further in both the EU (+2.3 points to 98.0) and the euro area (+2.8 points to 99.9).
National Fiscal Frameworks during COVID-19: Weathering the Storm, Challenges Ahead
This paper explains the changes to national fiscal frameworks done since the great recession and analyses how these frameworks have performed during the economic shock caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.
Googling “Inflation”: What does Internet Search Behaviour Reveal about Household (In)Attention to Inflation and Monetary Policy?
This paper assesses determinants of inflation attention, measured by internet search-behaviour, across euro area countries.