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Economy and Finance


  • News article

November 2023: Flash Consumer Confidence Indicator for EU and euro area

In November 2023, DG ECFIN’s flash estimate of the consumer confidence indicator picked up by 1.1 percentage points (pps.) in the EU and 0.9 pps. in the euro area. At ‑17.5 (EU) and ‑16.9 (euro area) pps., consumer confidence still scores well below its long-term average.


  • Scientific paper
  • Moreno Bertoldi, Heinz Scherrer, Guergana Stanoeva, Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs

The G20@15: Can It Still Deliver?

The paper revisits G20 developments in the last ten years with a particular focus on the G20 response to the pandemic; the consequences of growing geopolitical tensions and the Russian war of aggression against Ukraine on the effectiveness of the G20...