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Economy and Finance


  • Press release

In May 2024, the Economic Sentiment Indicator (ESI) increased marginally in both the EU (+0.3 points to 96.5) and the euro area (+0.4 points to 96.0).

  • 1 min read



  • Scientific paper
  • Jan in ’t Veld, Philipp Pfeiffer, Gergő Motyovszki, Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs

This paper presents simulations with the Commission’s QUEST model to examine how a public investment stimulus could affect fiscal indicators under different circumstances.